A total

A total BVD-523 solubility dmso of 60 IVF patients were analysed with regard to reproductive Outcome, sperm parameters, HBA score and sperm DNA fragmentation. The DNA fragmentation analysis was performed using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated

dUTP nick-end labelling assay on the total sperm population and on the hyaluronan-bound spermatozoa obtained from the same samples. No relationship between hyaluronan binding and fertilization, cleavage, good-quality embryos, implantation, clinical pregnancy, miscarriages and biochemical pregnancy rates was found. Otherwise, correlations between spermatozoa hyaluronan binding and morphology (P < 0.01) and a significant difference between DNA fragmentation of the total sperm population and DNA fragmentation of the hyaluronan-bound spermatozoa (P = 0.029) were found. The results underline the ability of hyaluronan to select spermatozoa with higher DNA integrity and morphology. Nevertheless, the clinical value of the HBA in the management of male infertility seems to be limited.”
“Objective: To investigate the prevalence and demographic, environmental and child associated risk factors of OME in schoolchildren in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey, and analyze the results with reference to the review of the literature.


A total of 2355 children who were attending two different LGX818 MAPK inhibitor primary schools, one located in low, and the other located in a high socioeconomic district of city of Van were screened and 2320 children who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled to study. Standardized questionnaires that include nine questions for determination of risk factors were delivered to the parents to be filled before examination of each child. All of the children underwent both otoscopic examination and tympanometric evaluation

to provide high accuracy on the diagnosis of OME. The association between children diagnosed as OME and the answers to the questionnaires were evaluated. Also, teachers of the children were asked to complete a questionnaire evaluating child’s level of school success, and the success levels of children with or without OME were compared.

Results: The buy AZD0530 prevalence of OME was found to be 10.43%. Second-hand smoking (p < 0.0001), low socioeconomic status (p < 0.001), living in a crowded house (p < 0.001), presence of atopy (p < 0.01), lack of breast-feeding (p < 0.05), presence of URTI (p < 0.0001), young age (p < 0.001) and snoring (p < 0.0001) were found to be associated with prevalence of OME. No significance was found for duration of breast-feeding, gender, birth history and previous otolaryngological operations. Also, children with OME were tended to be less successful in terms of school success.

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