Pooled amplicons were further diluted to estimate 0.5 copies per bead to provide optimal emulsion PCR amplification. Emulsion PCR was done using the Roche Lib-A MV kit according to the manufacturer’s specifications. Approximately 700,000 enriched beads were loaded into one-quarter region of the Roche Titanium FLX pico-titer plate for sequencing
on the https://www.selleckchem.com/products/sc79.html Titanium FLX platform according to the manufacturer’s specifications (Roche, Branford, CT). Initial sequence preprocessing Raw 16S rRNA sequences and quality scores were demultiplexed using standard sff processing software with adapted scripts to address additional MIDS. Sequences and quality scores were then submitted to the CloVR-16S  pipeline for quality screening and analysis. CloVR includes a variety of widely used 16S analysis software including QIIME  and Mothur . Only sequences ≥ 200 nucleotides in length were included in the final analysis. Sequences containing homopolymers of more than 8 bp, or average quality scores lower than 25, or ambiguous base calls were culled from
the analysis. Remaining sequences were screened for selleck chemicals chimeras using UCHIME  with the default parameters. The resulting
chimera-free high-quality data set was analyzed by clustering sequences into operational taxonomic units at 95% identity using UCLUST, 17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl assigning taxonomy using the RDP classifier  (with a minimum confidence threshold of 50%) and performing additional statistical analyses with Metastats  and R scripts. A detailed description of the CHIR-99021 nmr available SOP is available at ( http://clovr.org) . Acknowledgements This project was supported in part by an appointment (TSL) to the Research Participation Program at the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition administered by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education through an interagency agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. References 1. USDA: Dairy Products 2010 Summary. http://usda01.library.cornell.edu/usda/nass/DairProdSu//2010s/2011/DairProdSu-04-27-2011.pdf 2. Gould B: Understanding Dairy Markets – Per Capita Hispanic Cheese Consumption. http://future.aae.wisc.edu/data/annual_values/by_area/2196?tab=sales 3.