In order to understand this behavior, we present a statistical “”breakdown”" analysis performed P5091 on Cu doped Ge0.3Se0.7 based memory devices under elevated temperature and constant voltage stress conditions. Following the approach of electrochemical phase formation, the precursor of the “”ON resistance switching”" is considered to be nucleation – the emergence of small clusters of atoms carrying the basic properties of the new phase which forms the conducting filament. Within the framework of nucleation
theory, the observed fluctuations in the time required for “”ON resistance switching”" are found to be consistent with the stochastic nature of critical nucleus formation. (C) 2011 American Institute selleck kinase inhibitor of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3631013]“
“Purpose: in an attempt to overcome the potential long-term limitations observed with plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite-coated implants, nanothickness bioceramic coatings have been processed onto previously grit-blasted/acid-etched
surfaces. Our objective was to evaluate the bone response to alumina-blasted/acid-etched and a thin ion beam-deposited bioceramic (rest) implant surfaces at 2 and 4 weeks in vivo with a dog tibia model.
Materials and Methods: Plateau root form implants (5 x 6 mm) were placed bilaterally along the proximal tibia of 6 Doberman dogs and remained for 2 and 4 weeks in vivo (n = 6 per implant type and time in vivo). After euthanization, the implants were processed in a nondecalcified form and reduced to similar to 30 mu m-thickness; plates. Transmitted light optical microscopy at various magnifications was used to qualitatively evaluate the bone healing patterns. Bone-to-implant contact (BIC) was determined and 1-way ANOVA at 95% level of significance with Tukey’s
post-hoc multiple comparisons was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Histomorphology showed GSK2126458 ic50 new bone formation filling the spaces between the plateaus at both in vivo time intervals through large quantities of woven bone formation. A higher degree of bone organization was observed between the plateaus of Test implants at 4 weeks in vivo than the alumina-blasted/acid-etched implants. No significant differences in BIC were observed for the different groups (P > .86).
Conclusion: Despite nonsignificant differences between BIC for the different implant surfaces and times in vivo, higher degrees of bone organization were observed for the Test implants at 4 weeks, and biomechanical testing is suggested to verify its biomechanical fixation effectiveness. (C) 2009 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons”
“Objective. We determined the effect of the angle of apical resection on apical leakage using a computerized fluid filtration meter with a laser system and a digital air pressure regulator in 46 extracted single-rooted human teeth.
Orthograde endodontic treatment was performed.