Compound C chemical structure Figure 1 Images of a test strip. (a) Structure of a test strip. (b) Photo of a QD test strip under a UV lamp. Design of the hardware system The CCD-based test strip reader was composed of six modules, including a light source module, sample module, power module, acquisition module, radiator module, and PC module. The structure is displayed in Figure 2. Figure 2 check details Structure of the CCD-based test strip
reader. A quadrate ultraviolet LED as excitation light source was to make sure that samples accept the same amount of irradiation. It is also critical to select a good optical sensor. Photodiode, photomultiplier tube, linear CCDs, and image sensors are widely used optical sensors. However, photodiode, photomultiplier tube, and linear CCDs have a limited surveyed area. On the contrary, image sensors could provide a more flexible and wider detection area. Moreover, image sensors could realize short time CRT0066101 purchase detection . Based on the above benefits, we decided to employ an image sensor. CCD and CMOS are two most popularly used image sensors. Compared with CMOS, CCD has the advantages of low noise and better imaging quality , so a color CCD image sensor was chosen. This digital CCD image sensor with a USB not only solved the problem of employing an image acquisition card but also provided stable
and rapid data transmission. The QD test strip was irradiated by an excitation light source and then produced fluorescence, which could be captured by the CCD image sensor. The captured image was transmitted to the computer and went through further processing to complete calculation of test results. In order to decrease background interference,
an ultraviolet filter was added to resist the excitation light source. A lithium battery was adopted as power supply, providing a light source for places without electric supply. Development of the software system We also developed a suitable software system to give physicians easier access to our device. The software system was programmed in a Visual C++ development environment and provided main functions of processing test strip images, analysis, and diagnosis. Furthermore, the software system could be connected to a database and a printer for data storage or report printing. The flow Resveratrol diagram of the software system is shown in Figure 3. Figure 3 Flow diagram of the software system. In test strip images, the useful information was only T-line and C-line. However, there always existed intense background noise that requires to be separated. Therefore, an appropriate algorithm was proposed to reach this goal. A revised weighted threshold histogram equalization (WTHE) algorithm was proposed. The WTHE contrast enhancement algorithm was first put forward by Qing and Ward . In our study, this method was applied with some modification. By observation, the component R of red-green-blue (RGB) test strip images has an obvious difference between foreground and background.