These data have been difficult to disentangle because of the imperfect correction for body size afforded by DXA, and the existence of few data from the use of pQCT. In this study we therefore aimed to evaluate the relationship between
fat mass and bone size and volumetric density among pre-pubertal children within a narrow age range, recruited from a free-living population cohort, the Southampton Women’s Survey (SWS) and who had undergone assessment with DXA and pQCT. The Southampton Women’s Survey is a prospective cohort study of 12,583 women aged 20–34 years recruited from the general population . At enrolment the participants were characterised in detail in terms of diet, lifestyle, health, physical www.selleckchem.com/products/abt-199.html activity and anthropometric measurements. 3159 of these women were followed through a subsequent pregnancy and delivered a live born infant. The children are Enzalutamide solubility dmso being followed and characterised at regular intervals. Of the 1268 eligible families contacted during the study period for a 6 year follow up 530 attended for DXA, forming the cohort presented in this paper. The mother and child were invited to visit the Osteoporosis Centre at Southampton General Hospital for assessment of bone mass and body composition. At this visit written informed consent for the DXA scan was obtained from the mother or father. The child’s height (using a Leicester height measurer,
Seca Ltd, UK) and weight, using calibrated digital scales (Seca Ltd, UK) were measured. Whole body (including body composition) and lumbar spine scans were obtained, using a Hologic Discovery instrument (Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA, USA). To encourage compliance, a suitably bright sheet with appropriate pictures was laid on the couch and to help reduce movement artefact, the children were shown a suitable DVD. The total radiation
dose for the scans were as followed: whole body (paediatric scan mode) 4.7 μSv, Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II spine (L1–L4) 1.5 μSv and hip 7.3 μSv. The manufacturer’s coefficient of variation (CV) for the instrument was 0.75% for whole body bone mineral density, and the experimental CV when a spine phantom was repeatedly scanned in the same position 16 times was 0.68%. All scans were checked for movement and clothing artefact resulting in 499 suitable for analysis. A consecutive subgroup of 172 children was invited back to the Osteoporosis Centre to have an additional assessment of bone mass using a pQCT peripheral quantitative computed tomography scanner (Stratec XCT 2000, Software version 6.00 B 00.61, threshold for cortical bone 710 mg/cm3, Stratec Biomedical Systems, Birkenfeld, Germany) following the DXA visit. After written informed consent was obtained the child’s lower leg length was measured from the medial malleolus to the tibial tuberosity in order to demarcate the correct scan position.