Quality assessment was mentioned in 28 abstracts ( 43%); with a m

Quality assessment was mentioned in 28 abstracts ( 43%); with a majority ( n = 21)

mentioning it in the methods section. In only 5 abstracts ( 8%) were results of quality assessment incorporated in the conclusions. Thirteen reviews ( 20%) presented results of quality assessment AC220 in vivo in the main text only, without further discussion. Forty-seven reviews ( 72%) discussed results of quality assessment; the most frequent form was as limitations in assessing quality ( n = 28). Only 6 reviews ( 9%) further linked the results of quality assessment to their conclusions, 3 of which did not conduct a meta-analysis due to limitations in the quality of included studies. In the reviews with a meta-analysis, 19 ( 36%) incorporated quality in the analysis. Eight reported PND-1186 in vivo significant effects of quality on the pooled estimates; in none of them these effects were factored in the conclusions. Conclusion: While almost all recent diagnostic accuracy reviews evaluate the quality of included studies, very few consider results of quality assessment when drawing conclusions. The practice of reporting systematic reviews of test accuracy should improve if readers not only want to be informed about the limitations in the available evidence, but also on the associated implications for the performance of the evaluated tests.”
“Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder characterized by abnormal

accumulation of a lipoproteinaceous material in the alveoli, which may lead to respiratory failure Acalabrutinib concentration and has an associated high risk for

infections. The mainstay treatment for PAP is whole lung lavage.\n\nA pregnant woman, previously diagnosed with primary PAP, the most common form of PAP, was admitted with dyspnea and worsening respiratory function. In one month period, a whole-lung bronchopulmonary lavage was performed twice, with clinical and functional improvement. Pregnancy was carried to term and a healthy baby was delivered.\n\nThe mechanisms of respiratory impairment are discussed as well as treatment options and response. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L. on behalf of Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia.”
“Eleven miniature dachshunds with a herniated intervertebral disc were examined by CT, first before and then after contrast enhancement of the subarachnoid space. The images were classified into three grades by three veterinarians. In four cases, lesions observed on the scans obtained after contrast enhancement had not been observed on the preliminary scans and in one case a lesion observed on the preliminary scan was not observed on the scan obtained after contrast enhancement. Hemilaminectomies were performed on the basis of the enhanced CT results, and a clinical improvement was observed in each of the dogs. Calcification was detected in all the samples of herniated intervertebral disc material.

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