Signs of endomysial

microangiopathy are frequently report

Signs of endomysial

microangiopathy are frequently reported. Necrotizing autoimmune myopathies can be associated with antisignal recognition particle (SRP) antibodies or more rarely with the usual inflammatory myopathy antibodies. Paraneoplasic forms are described but remain exceptional. Lastly, necrotizing autoimmune myopathies, sometimes associated with statin therapy, have been recently described. They are linked with an antibody directed against 3-hydroxy-3-methyglutaryl-coenzyme A. Treatment is based on corticosteroid therapy, immunosuppressive drugs or intravenous immunoglobulins. Response is variable, depending on the clinical form. (C) 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“Introduction. – Idiopathic myopathies are a group of acquired muscular diseases considered as autoimmune this website disorders. Characteristic histopathologic features allow the classification into myositis (polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and inclusion body myositis) and immune-mediated necrotizing myopathies.. But overlapping

histological features may be observed between different idiopathic myopathies and even between acquired and genetic muscular diseases. In the group of idiopathic myopathies important discrepancies can be observed concerning extra-muscular involvement and prognosis.

State of art. – The learn more discovery of myositis-specific antibodies and myositis-associated antibodies has led to a serologic approach complementary to histological classification, because see more striking associations of myositis-specific antibodies with clinical features and survival were observed. Here we reviewed the myositis-specific

antibodies including autoantibodies directed against the aminoacyl tRNA-synthetase enzymes, the Mi-2 protein and the signal recognition particle, and the main myositis-associated autoantibodies, that can be tested in clinical practice.

Perspectives. – We will also focus on newly described dermatomyositis-associated antibodies (directed against: transcription intermediary factor 1 family proteins, small ubiquitin-like modifier activating enzyme, and melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5), and immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy-associated antibodies (directed against HMGcoA-reductase).

Conclusion. – Myositis-specific antibodies and myositis-associated antibodies are useful for the diagnosis of forms of autoimmune myopathies with distinct clinical features. They may help to define patients into clinical syndromes with specific outcomes and thus influence treatment strategies. (C) 2013 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.”
“Introduction. – Exercise intolerance (EI) is a frequent motive for seeking neuromuscular consultation and may be a sign of metabolic disease or, rarely, muscular dystrophy. The diagnosis is not established in many patients with a typical clinical presentation.

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