Weight and body composition were determined via dual-energy x-ray

Weight and body composition were determined via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA; Hologic Wi) after an 8 hour fast. Subjects then completed 12 vertical jumps learn more for height (VJ), followed by 1 repetition maximum lifts on the bench press (MBP) and leg press (MLP). Muscular endurance for bench press (RBP) and leg press (RLP) was measured by completing as many repetitions as possible

at 85% of the achieved MBP and MLP. Finally, the subjects completed a wingate power test on a cycle Selleck LGK 974 ergometer (insert manufacturer info) for measures of mean power (WMP) and peak power (WPP). The participants were then randomized into an eight day supplementation period with four resistance-training bouts spread over the eight days. Mood state and side effect questionnaires were completed each day after taking the supplement. After the supplementation period, the subjects returned to the lab to complete post-testing. All data were analyzed utilizing a 2 × 2 repeated measures ANOVA, treatment (PLC vs. DX) × time (pre-test vs. post-test) ANOVA. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals were also used. A Kruskal Wallis one-way analysis of variance was used for all survey data. A significance value buy PXD101 of p<0.05 was adopted throughout. Results There were no significant treatment × time interactions (p>0.05). There

were no significant changes in %BF (Δ-.43±.58;p=0.920), FM (Δ-2.45±5.72;p=0.988), or LBM (10.9±12.2;p=848). 95% CI did demonstrate a significantly greater loss in %BF for the DX group. There was a main effect for WPP (Δ100.5 ± 42.7W; p=0.001), MBP (Δ8.0 ± 12.9 lbs; p=0.001), and MLP (Δ80.0 ± 28.8lbs; p=0.001), with no significant differences between treatments (p=0.138-0.253). There was no significant difference

in mood states or appetites between the groups. Conclusion The results of this study Racecadotril revealed that the proprietary blend Dymatize XPAND® may be effective, when combined with 8 days of training, for reducing %BF. While not significant, greater gains in MLP were demonstrated in the DX group. Future studies should evaluate more chronic effects of proprietary pre-workout blends on total training volume and performance outcomes. Acknowledgements This Study was supported by Dymatize Nutrition.”
“Background Protein timing is a popular dietary strategy designed to optimize the adaptive response to exercise [1]. The strategy involves consuming protein in and around a training session in an effort to facilitate muscular repair and remodeling, and thereby enhance post-exercise strength- and hypertrophy-related adaptations [2]. It is generally accepted that protein should be consumed just before and/or immediately following a training session to take maximum advantage of a limited anabolic window [3]. Proponents of the strategy claim that, when properly executed, precise intake of protein in the peri-workout period can augment increases in fat-free mass [4].

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